Why and how should we compost
Composting is a method, where we add the nutrient rich humus to the soil to enrich it, which in turn stimulates plant growth and restores vigor in the soil. The humus is a simple mixture of whetted organic matter, which has been left for weeks or months.
The biggest advantages of using compost are:
- Completely free
- Easy to make
- Environment Friendly
The Benefits of Compostin:
- It acts as a Conditioner for Soil
Compost means nutrient rich humus for your garden. This enhances the nutrients in the soil, and also help maintain the moisture level of the soil, which is perfectly good for gardening.
- Reuse Kitchen Waste
Composting can help you clean your kitchen chamber by 30% as statistics say. Reusing kitchen waste such as organic materials like, banana peels, wasted potatoes and other vegetables.
- Presents Helpful Organism to the Soil
Some organisms which are introduced by the compost are very helpful for the soil, and can help enriching the soil, which would in turn increase the productivity. These microorganisms also help in warding off the plant diseases. They also help in breaking down the organic material.
- Environment Friendly
With Compost, gardeners can reduce the use of chemical fertilizers to nothing. Chemical Fertilizers, can sometimes act toxic, and can create a problem for the product. Therefore, composting is a much safer natural alternative.
- Possible Solution to Landfill Waste
Using of waste organic matter as compost, reduces landfill waste considerably. Most of the landfills around the world, now, are getting filled up, due to the large waste accumulation. Today, as per the statistical survey, one third of the landfill is filled by a compostable material, and therefore, composting is also a possible solution for filling up of landfills.
How to Compost?
Pile up your compost material on bare earth. This enables the microorganisms of the earth to get mixed up with the compost, and enrich it even more. Alternatively you can use composter tumblers like 60058 Lifetime Compost New Price: (as of 11/17/2019 18:56 UTC) Tumbler or composting bins like is GKL0951-6 Geobin Composting System New Price: (as of 11/17/2019 18:56 UTC) .
There should be levels of your compost materials, but the first layer should always be with twigs or straws. Adding twigs and straw at the bottom, ventilate the pile.
The layers should be alternatively moist and dry. The moist materials of a compost are scraps of food, peels of different organic material and seaweeds. Dry materials such as leaves, twigs and straw, which helps the compost to breathe.
If you can add manure, with the compost, it speeds up the process many times. Green Manure consists of ingredients like wheatgrass and buckwheat.
The last step in making the compost should be to make it moist. Adding water may be a good option, or let the rain do its job.
After your compost materials are all added, and up to the mark, cover it with anything like plastics or wood. Covering helps preserve the moisture and the heat, which is an essential thing for Composting.
Turning the material every week or two, enriches the compost material with oxygen, and helps it breath.
Scientists say that, Compost should contain more carbon than nitrogen. They say that, to use more brown materials than green material, so that carbon percentage is more than nitrogen.
Tips for Composting
If your compost is not starting, even after adding organic material and water, you can kick start your method, by adding an activator like rotted chicken manure and young weeds. This activator will also speed up the process of composting.
Sometimes, you will notice, that small insect are attracted by the compost. Keeping a one or two-inch grass clipping above the compost will discourage the flies, and help keep your compost steady. These flies or insects, can damage the composure of the compost. So, keep the flies away.
Compost may emit strong odors or staunch. These strong odors can be a problem, if you are living in a residential place. These strong odors can be reduced by keeping a grass clipping above the compost material. The odors can also be avoided by not adding the meat scraps or bones.
If your compost is steaming and soggy, then you are in the right direction. Steaming compost means, the microorganisms are doing their work.